Mozambique PhD

Q&A: Mozambique’s education minister on PhDs for growth

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Originally published at

  • Mozambique’s government wants more university lecturers to have master’s and PhDs
  • Mozambicans should lead research into newly discovered minerals, it says
  • A UK-Mozambique PhD project will drive PhDs relevant to new research areas


When Mozambique became independent from Portugal in June 1975 after more than a decade of anticolonial warfare, its education sector was in tatters. With illiteracy at 93 per cent and only one university in the entire country, the route to achieving a robust school and university system looked set to be long and arduous — a situation made worse with the outbreak, in 1977, of 15 years of civil war.

Dealing with the legacy of colonial rule and war has inevitably been tough, demanding heavy investment and extensive rebuilding programmes against an often volatile political backdrop.

But significant progress has been made: by 2013, according to Mozambique government statistics, illiteracy had fallen to 43 per cent and 93 per cent of primary-age children were enrolled in school, and today the country has 46 higher education institutions.

A cornerstone of the country’s current education policy is to develop a robust higher education sector to equip Mozambican researchers and lecturers with master’s and PhD qualifications of relevance to the country’s development plans.

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